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Imams know that which has occurred and that which has yet to occur and nothing is hidden from them

باب أن الأئمة ع يعلمون علم ما كان و ما يكون وأنه لا يخفى عليهم الشيء

Imams know that which has occurred and that which has yet to occur and nothing is hidden from them

محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب، عن ابن رئاب، عن ضريس الكناسي قال: سمعت أبا جعفر عليه السلام يقول - وعنده اناس من أصحابه -: عجبت من قوم يتولونا ويجعلونا أئمة ويصفون أن طاعتنا مفترضة عليهم كطاعة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ثم يكسرون حجتهم ويخصمون أنفسهم بضعف قلوبهم، فينقصونا حقنا ويعيبون ذلك على من أعطاه الله برهان حق معرفتنا والتسليم لامرنا، أترون أن الله تبارك وتعالى افترض طاعة أوليائه على عباده، ثم يخفي عنهم أخبار السماوات والارض ويقطع عنهم مواد العلم فيما يرد عليهم مما فيه قوام دينهم؟! فقال له حمران: جعلت فداك أرأيت ما كان من أمر قيام علي بن أبي طالب والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام وخروجهم وقيامهم بدين الله عز ذكره، وما اصيبوا من قتل الطواغيت إياهم والظفر بهم حتى قتلوا وغلبوا؟ فقال أبو جعفر عليه السلام: يا حمران إن الله تبارك وتعالى قد كان قدر ذلك عليهم وقضاه وأمضاه وحتمه على سبيل الاختيار ثم أجراه فبتقدم علم إليهم من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قام علي والحسن والحسين عليهم السلام، وبعلم صمت من صمت منا، ولو أنهم يا حمران حيث نزل بهم ما نزل بهم ما نزل من أمر الله عز وجل وإظهار الطواغيت عليهم سألوا الله عزوجل أن يدفع عنهم ذلك وألحوا عليه في طلب إزالة ملك الطواغيت وذهاب ملكهم إذا لاجابهم ودفع ذلك عنهم، ثم كان انقضاء مدة الطواغيت وذهاب ملكهم أسرع من سلك منظوم انقطع فتبدد، وما كان ذلك الذي أصابهم يا حمران لذنب اقترفوه ولا لعقوبة معصية خالفوا الله فيها ولكن لمنازل وكرامة من الله، أراد أن يبلغوها، فلا تذهبن بك المذاهب فيهم.

Muhammad b. Yahya from Ahmad b. Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ra’aab from Durays al-Kunasi.

He said: I heard Abu Ja`far عليه السلام saying – and with him were people from his companions: I am surprised by a community that acknowledges our wilaya, accepts us as Imams, and says that obedience to us is compulsory upon them just like the obedience to the Messenger of Allahصلى الله عليه وآله ; yet they break their proof (hujja) and dispute amongst themselves by the weakness of their hearts. They diminish our rights and blame those whom Allah has granted evidence to know us and submit to our command. Do you not consider that Allah تبارك وتعالى has made it obligatory to obey His awliya’ upon His slaves? How would He hide the news of the heavens and the Earth from them, and cut them off from the sources of knowledge that maintain their religion?!

So Humran said to him: May I be your ransom, have you deliberated regarding what occurred from the rising of `Ali b. Abi Talib, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn عليهم السلام? They came out and rose up for the religion of Allah عز ذكره; how much they suffered from their deaths at the hands of the tyrants – they were defeated, murdered and overpowered. So Abu Ja`far عليه السلام said: O Humran, Allah تبارك وتعالى had destined that for them; decreed it, approved it, and necessitated it – it was beyond choice. It thus occurred and the knowledge of it had come to them from the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله. `Ali, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn عليهم السلام rose whilst knowing [the consequences]. By its knowledge, there were those of us who remained silent. Had they, O Humran, whilst facing what Allah عز وجل made them face and suffer defeat at the hands of the tyrants, asked Allah عزوجل to remove their suffering and implored Him to destroy the kingdom of the tyrants, He would have answered their prayers and granted it for them – then, the decree would have removed the tyrants and their kingdom would end faster than the dispersal of threaded beads under pressure. That which they endured, O Humran, was not because of a sin they committed or a punishment for opposing Allah, rather, it was a deliverance and a bounty from Allah, who wished for them to attain it. Do not allow them (i.e. the people) to take you away from the [correct] path. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 675)

(sahih) (صحيح)