Hadith‎ > ‎Usul al-Kafi‎ > ‎Monotheism (tawhid)‎ > ‎

Miscellaneous traditions


باب النوادر

Miscellaneous traditions


عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر، عن صفوان الجمال، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " كل شئ هالك إلا وجهه " قال: من أتى الله بما امر به من طاعة محمد صلى الله عليه وآله فهو الوجه الذي لا يهلك و كذلك قال: ومن يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله ".

Several of our companions from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Safwan al-Jamal from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.

[I asked] regarding the saying of Allah عز وجل, “Everything will be destroyed except His face” (28:88). He said: Those who come to Allah by what He has commanded from the obedience of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله are His face, which will not be destroyed – just as He says, “And whoever obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah” (4:80) (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 350)

(sahih) (صحيح)


محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن محمد بن إسماعيل بن بزيع، عن عمه حمزة بن بزيع، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " فلما آسفونا انتقمنا منهم " فقال: إن الله عز وجل لا يأسف كأسفنا ولكنه خلق أولياء لنفسه يأسفون ويرضون وهم مخلوقون مربوبون، فجعل رضاهم رضا نفسه وسخطهم سخط نفسه، لانه جعلهم الدعاة إليه والادلاء عليه، فلذلك صاروا كذلك وليس أن ذلك يصل إلى خلقه، لكن هذا معنى ما قال من ذلك وقد قال: من أهان لي وليا فقد بارزني بالمحاربة ودعاني إليها " وقال " من يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله " وقال: " إن الذين يبايعونك إنما يبايعون الله، يد الله فوق أيديهم " فكل هذا وشبهه على ما ذكرت لك وهكذا الرضا والغضب وغيرهما من الاشياء مما يشاكل ذلك، ولو كان يصل إلى الله الاسف والضجر، وهو الذي خلقهما وأنشأهما لجاز لقائل هذا أن يقول: إن الخالق يبيد يوما ما، لانه إذا دخله الغضب والضجر دخله التغيير، وإذا دخله التغيير لم يؤمن عليه الابادة، ثم لم يعرف المكون من المكون ولا القادر من المقدور عليه، ولا الخالق من المخلوق، تعالى الله عن هذا القول علوا كبيرا، بل هو الخالق للاشياء لا لحاجة، فإذا كان لا لحاجة استحال الحد والكيف فيه، فافهم إن شاء الله تعالى.

Muhammad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. al-Husayn from Muhammad b. Isma`il b. Bazee` from his uncle Hamza b. Bazee` from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.

[I asked] regarding the saying of Allah عز وجل, “When they invoked Our anger, We took revenge on them” (43:55). So he said: Allah عز وجل does not become frustrated like our frustration, rather, He created the awliya’ for Himself, who then become frustrated and satisfied. They are created and they have a Lord. So He made their satisfaction His satisfaction and their anger His anger, because He has made them the callers to Him and the guides to Him. For that they became this way, and it (i.e. anger) does not reach [Him the way it reaches] His creatures. Rather, this meaning is what has been said about it. And He says, “Whoever humiliates My wali has declared war against Me and has called Me to it”. And He says, “Whoever obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah” (4:80). And He says, “Those who have pledged allegiance to you have pledged allegiance to Allah”. “The hand of Allah is above their hands” (48:10). All of this and that which is similar apply to what has been mentioned to you. And this is satisfaction, anger, and other than that from the things that take this form. Had it been possible for despair and weariness to reach Allah – even though He is the one who has created the two and implemented them – a person may say, “Allah may vanish one day, because if anger and weariness entered Him, then change would have entered Him; hence He would not remain safe from perish. Thus, there would be no distinction between His component and another’s, nor between the Able and those subject to His ability, nor between the Creator and the creation”. Allah is exalted above this saying with a great highness. Yea, He is the Creator of all things, not because He needed them, for since it is not needed, it is impossible to limit and condition Him. So understand this, by Allah’s تعالى will. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 354)

(hasan) (حسن)


محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن محمد بن إسماعيل بن بزيع، عن عمه حمزة بن بزيع، عن علي بن سويد، عن أبي الحسن موسى بن جعفر عليهما السلام في قول الله عزوجل: " يا حسرتي على ما فرطت في جنب الله " قال: جنب الله: أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام وكذلك ما كان بعده من الاوصياء بالمكان الرفيع إلى أن ينتهي الامر إلى آخرهم

Muhammad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. al-Husayn from Muhammad b. Isma`il b. Bazee` from his uncle Hamza b. Bazee` from `Ali b. Suwayd from Abu al-Hasan Musa b. Ja`far عليهما السلام about the words of Allah “Woe to me because of my failure to fulfill my duties from the side of Allah…” (39:56).

The Imam عليه السلام said that the side of Allah is Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام and so are the successors of the high position until the matters reach the last one among them. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 357)

(hasan) (حسن)
Comments