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al-Husayn b. Ruh

Shaykh Abu'l Qasim al-Husayn b. Ruh

347 - فروى أبو نصر هبة الله بن محمد، قال: حدثني أبو عبد الله بن غالب (2) حمو أبي الحسن بن أبي الطيب قال (3): ما رأيت من هو أعقل من الشيخ أبي القاسم الحسين بن روح، ولعهدي به يوما في دار ابن يسار (4)، وكان له محل عند السيد (5) والمقتدر عظيم، وكانت العامة أيضا تعظمه، وكان أبو القاسم يحضر تقية وخوفا. وعهدي (6) به وقد تناظر اثنان، فزعم واحد أن أبا بكر أفضل الناس بعد = رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ثم عمر ثم علي، وقال الآخر: بل علي أفضل من عمر، فزاد الكلام بينهما. فقال أبو القاسم رضي الله عنه: الذي اجتمعت الصحابة عليه (1) هو تقديم الصديق ثم بعده الفاروق ثم بعده عثمان ذو النورين ثم علي الوصي، وأصحاب الحديث على ذلك، وهو الصحيح عندنا، فبقي من حضر المجلس متعجبا من هذا القول، وكان (2) العامة الحضور يرفعونه على رؤسهم وكثر الدعاء له والطعن على من يرميه بالرفض. فوقع علي الضحك فلم أزل أتصبر وأمنع نفسي وأدس كمي في فمي، فخشيت أن أفتضح، فوثبت عن المجلس ونظر إلي ففطن بي (3)، فلما حصلت في منزلي فإذا بالباب يطرق، فخرجت مبادرا فإذا بأبي القاسم الحسين بن روح رضي الله عنه راكبا بغلته قد وافاني من المجلس قبل مضيه إلى داره. فقال لي: يا أبا عبد الله أيدك الله لم ضحكت ؟ فأردت (4) أن تهتف بي كأن الذي قلته عندك ليس بحق ؟. فقلت: كذاك هو عندي. فقال لي: إتق الله أيها الشيخ فإني لا أجعلك في حل، تستعظم هذا القول مني، فقلت: يا سيدي رجل يرى بأنه صاحب الامام ووكيله يقول ذلك القول لا يتعجب منه و [ لا ] (5) يضحك من قوله هذا ؟ فقال لي: وحياتك لئن عدت لاهجرنك وودعني وانصرف (6).

Abu Nasr Habatullah b. Muhammad reported: Abu `Abdillah b. Ghalib the inlaw of Abu'l Hasan b. Abu'l Tayyib narrated to me.

He said: I have not seen anyone more intelligent than Shaykh Abu'l Qasim al-Husayn b. Ruh. One day, I was with him in the home of Ibn Yasar, and he had a great position and status before the Sayyid. The commoners too would praise him. Abu'l Qasim used to practice taqiyya and dissimulation. When I was with him, two persons were debating: one argued that Abu Bakr was the best of the people after the Messenger of Allah (s), then `Umar, then `Ali; and the other argued that `Ali was better than `Umar. So the talk increased between the two. So Abu'l Qasim (r) said: The companions have agreed that as-Siddiq is the best, then al-Farooq, then `Uthman the Possessor of the Two Lights, then `Ali the Deputy; and the people of hadith believe this, and it is the correct opinion to us. So those who attended that gathering were astonished by this saying, and the commoners who were attending had raised him above their heads and supplicated for him, and slandered those who accused him of rejectionism. Laughter was overwhelming me, and I could not hold it in or prevent myself by covering my mouth with my sleeve. So I feared that I would be discovered, and I left the gathering. He looked at me and he noticed that.

When I came to my home, there was a knock on my door. I came out and saw Abu'l Qasim b. Ruh on his mule. He had come to me on his way home. So he said to me: O Abu `Abdullah, may Allah aid you, why did you laugh, as if what I said was not true before you? So I said: It is true before me. So he said to me: Fear Allah, O shaykh, for I will not forgive you until you take my words seriously. So I said: O my master, if a man saw he who was the companion and trustee of the Imam saying those words, would he not find this astonishing and laugh at these words? So he said to me: By your life, if you repeat this, I will desert you. Then he bid farewell and left.
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