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Regarding the Occultation of the Prophet Salih

( باب ) * ( ذكر غيبة صالح النبي عليه السلام ) *

Regarding the Occultation of the Prophet Salih عليه السلام


ابن الوليد عن الصفار عن سعد والحميري معا عن ابن أبي الخطاب عن ابن أسباط عن ابن عميرة عن زيد الشحام عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال إن صالحا (ع) غاب عن قومه زمانا وكان يوم غاب عنهم كهلا مبدح البطن حسن الجسم وافر اللحية خميص البطن خفيف العارضين مجتمعا ربعة من الرجال فلما رجع إلى قومه لم يعرفوه بصورته فرجع إليهم وهم على ثلاث طبقات—طبقة جاحدة لا ترجع أبدا وأخرى شاكة فيه وأخرى على يقين فبدأ (ع) حيث رجع بطبقة الشكاك. فقال لهم أنا صالح فكذبوه وشتموه وزجروه وقالوا برئ الله منك إن صالحاً كان في غير صورتك قال فأتى الجحاد فلم يسمعوا منه القول ونفروا منه أشد النفور ثم انطلق إلى الطبقة الثالثة وهم أهل اليقين. فقال لهم: أنا صالح فقالوا: أخبرنا خبرا لا نشك فيك معه أنك صالح فانا لانمتري أن الله تبارك وتعالى الخالق ينقل ويحول في أي الصور شاء وقد اخبرنا وتدارسنا فيما بيننا بعلامات القائم إذا جاء، وإنما صح عندنا إذا أتى الخبر من السماء. فقال لهم صالح: أنا صالح الذي أتيتكم بالناقة فقالوا صدقت وهي التي نتدارس فما علاماتها فقال: لها شرب ولكم شرب يوم معلوم قالوا: آمنا بالله وبما جئتنا به فعند ذلك.

قال الله تبارك وتعالى: إن صالحا مرسل من ربه، قال أهل اليقين: إنا بما ارسل به مؤمنون. وقال الذين استكبروا وهم الشكاك والجحاد إنا بالذي آمنتم به كافرون. قلت: هل كان فيهم ذلك اليوم عالم؟ قال: الله تعالى أعدل من أن يترك الأرض بغير عالم يدل على الله تبارك وتعالى ولقد مكث القوم بعد خروج صالح سبعة أيام على فترة لا يعرفون إماما غير أنهم على ما في أيديهم من دين الله(عز و جل) كلمتهم واحدة، فلما ظهر صالح (ع) اجتمعوا عليه، وإنما مثل (علي و) القائم مثل صالح (ع).

Ibn al-Walid from as-Saffar from Sa`d and al-Himyari together from ibn Abu’l Khattab from ibn Asbat from ibn `Umayra from Zayd ash-Shahham from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.

He said: Salih عليه السلام disappeared from his community for a long period, and the day he disappeared from them he was an elderly man of an exceptional interior, a handsome physique, a dense beard, a delicate abdomen, and small cheeks. Altogether, he was of an average build amongst men. When he returned to his people, they did not recognize him with the appearance he had. When he returned, they were of three groups: One group rejected him, saying, “Do not ever come back”. One group had doubted him. And the last group was upon certainty (yaqeen). When he عليه السلام returned, he began with the doubting group and said to them: I am Salih. They belied, cursed, and snubbed him; and said to him: Allah is disassociated from you! Salih was in a figure other than yours. He (i.e. the Imam) said: He then went to the rejecters, but they did not listen to his word and they dispersed from him in a very cruel manner. Then he went to the third group, who were the people of certainty (Ahl al-Yaqeen). So he said to them: I am Salih. So they said: Inform us of something so that we may not doubt that you are Salih, for we do not doubt that Allah تبارك وتعالى is the Creator, and He transfers and transforms His servants into any figure He wills; Salih had informed us and taught us when he was amongst us the signs of the coming of the Qa’im; that a word is true when it comes before us from the heavens. So Salih said to them: I am the Salih that brought you the calf. They said: You have spoken the truth; this is what we have been studying. So, what are its signs? He said: There is a drink for it (i.e. the calf) and a drink for you on a specified day. They said: We have believed in Allah and in what you have brought to us.

[Then] Allah تبارك وتعالى said: Verily, Salih is a messenger from his Lord. The people of certainty (Ahl al-Yaqeen) said: We believe in what he has been sent with. And those who were arrogant, who were the doubters and the rejecters, said: We are disbelievers in that which you have believed. So I (i.e. the narrator) said: Was there in that period (yawm) a sage (`alim) amongst them? He said: Allah تبارك وتعالى is more just than to leave the Earth without a sage (`alim) who would guide to Allah تبارك وتعالى. The community remained seven days after the exit of Salih, a period in which they did not know any Imam, except the religion of Allah عز و جلthey had in their hands, and their word was one. When Salih عليه السلام appeared, they united around him. Verily, the example of [`Ali and] the Qa’im is like Salih’s عليه السلام.
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